Culture - The Huanghuacheng Lakeside Great Wall Reserve
The Huanghuacheng Lakeside Great Wall is located at the Xishuiyu Pass, one of the nine major passes along the Huanghuacheng Great Wall in Huairou District. The Pass stands at the upper reaches of the Huaijiu River and overlooks the river water running from west to east, hence its name, Xishuiyu, meaning western water valley. In 1974, the Pass was demolished to give way to the dam of the Xishuiyu Reservoir. Now, the walls on both sides of the dam look grandiose and magnificent, running like a giant dragon on the mountain ridges and around the Haoming Lake. The unique landscape, a pool of crystal-clear water surrounded on three sides by the Great Wall, adds profoundly to the historical and cultural atmosphere of the entire Reserve.
The “Lakeside Great Wall” as we see today used to stand high and dry. Its present look is due to the building of the Xishuiyu Reservoir, which lifted the water level and caused the ancient walls to be submerged at several places. Though similar view can be found at Laolongtou of the Shanhai Pass, the one here, with three sections of the walls going in and out of the water in different ways, is still unique in China. This is how the Reserve derives its name: the Huanghuacheng Lakeside Great Wall Reserve. A poem depicts the view of the Reserve quite vividly:
The Great Wall meets the rippling water;
Its ancient body is submerged deep under.
The wall in water and the water by wall;
What a perfect match by man and nature.